BOTANICAL FACTS AND HISTORY OF ALOE VERA PLANT

Botanical facts

Aloe vera plant is known as “the Plant of first aid”, “Combustion plant”, “Medicinal plants”, and “Miraculous plant. Its botanical name is aloe barbandesis.

In general, aloe have more than two hundred species growing on the territories of Africa, Asia, Europe and the American continents. The appearance of aloe vera resembles a cactus, but in reality it belongs to the family of lilies (Liliaceae).

Plants differ in solid longitudinal leaves with sharp spikes-thorns and shiny skin. These leaves grow in the form of rosettes, sometimes reaching 75 cm in length and weight 1,2 kg. The color of the leaves is diverse, from gray to bright green.

Aloe Vera blooms in early spring with yellow and red flowers on a stalk without leaves. The plant has a unique ability to close the pores on the surface, thus preventing the evaporation of water. These plants are able to survive long periods of drought. It contains a chemical almost instantly healing its wounds, so that the plant doesn’t lose water. When the wound is covered, the plant begins to grow in the other direction.

Aloe vera history

For ages aloe has been widely used in many cultures, thanks to its beneficial properties and effectiveness in healing burns and wounds, facilitating a different kind of pain, treatment of a number of external and internal disorders. Historical evidence of the ancient Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, Algerians, Moroccans, Tunisians, Arabs, Indians and Chinese give us information how this plant was used for medical and cosmetic purposes.

The first record about the aloe vera is 2100 BC

No one can exactly say when the healing power of this plant was discovered. However, one of the earliest mentions of aloe for medical purposes was found on the Sumerian clay plate, Dating from 2100 BC. Due to its miraculous healing aloe became a legend. Many civilizations and cultures honored this plant, attributing to it the almost divine origin.

There are well-documented and undeniable evidence that was found in such disparate areas as southern Europe, Asia, Northern Africa, Northern and South America, the Far East.

Ancient Egypt

One of the earliest and most detailed information about aloe was found in ancient Egyptian papyrus Hebert, dating to 1550 B.C. In this ancient document (the original is now stored at the University of Leipzig in Germany) it is reported that aloe had many healing properties, was used everywhere.

  • Ancient Mesopotamia
  • The inhabitants of Ancient Mesopotamia used this plant to ward off evil spirits from their homes.
  • Arabic name of aloe vera – «Lily of the dessert»

Aloe Vera came to Persia and India in 600 BC – probably it was brought by Arabian merchants. The Arabs, who called this plant «Lily of the desert», used it in the treatment of many external and internal diseases.

Aloe vera action

The plant possesses the following actions – laxative, jelchegonnoe, tonic, softening, hemostatic, sedative, anthelmintic; healing.

  • This is a natural purifier.
  • Penetrates the tissues.

Acts as a pain reliever in this area where applied directly. Reduces pain deep below the surface, including muscle and joint pain.

  • Kills viruses with high concentrations for a long time.
  • Kills the fungal culture in the same conditions.
  • Reduces bleeding time.
  • Antipyretic – reduces the temperature and heat at the wounds.
  • Anti-inflammatory agent; acts similar to steroids.
  • Stops the itching.
  • Contains a variety of vitamins, minerals and sugar.
  • Accelerates the growth of cells, reducing the regenerative phase of the treatment.